How can you recognize a deficiency of iodine?

Woran erkennt man einen Mangel an Jod?

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1. how can you recognize a lack of iodine?

Iodine is a vital trace element that is essential for the production of thyroid hormones and the proper functioning of the thyroid gland. A deficiency of iodine can lead to a variety of health problems. In this blog post, we'll go into more detail about how to recognize an iodine deficiency and what steps can be taken to correct it.

Importance of iodine for health:

The thyroid gland needs iodine to produce thyroid hormones, which regulate the body's metabolism, growth and development. Iodine deficiency can lead to decreased production of these hormones, which in turn can affect the entire body.

Symptoms of iodine deficiency:

  • Thyroid swelling (goiter): Enlarged thyroid tissue may be visible or palpable and may cause difficulty swallowing or breathing.
  • Fatigue and exhaustion: a lack of thyroid hormones can lead to a general feeling of tiredness and fatigue.
  • Weight gain: decreased thyroid function can slow metabolism and lead to weight gain, even with a steady diet.
  • Sensitivity to cold: people with iodine deficiency may have increased sensitivity to cold.
  • Skin and hair changes: dry skin, brittle hair, and hair loss may be signs of iodine deficiency.
  • Mood changes: Iodine deficiency can lead to mood swings, depression and irritability.

    Risk factors for iodine deficiency:
  • Inadequate dietary iodine intake: iodine-rich foods such as seafood and iodized table salt can meet needs. Deficiency is common in people who eat a vegetarian or vegan diet or live in regions with low iodine content in the soil.
  • Pregnancy and lactation: iodine requirements are increased during these periods because iodine is important for the baby's growth and development.
  • Medical conditions: Certain thyroid conditions or surgical procedures can lead to an increased risk of iodine deficiency.

    2. What is the importance of iodine for the organism?

    Iodine performs a number of important functions in the organism, particularly in relation to the function of the thyroid gland and the production of thyroid hormones. Here are some main functions of iodine in the body:

    1. thyroid hormone production: iodine is an essential component of the thyroid hormones triiodothyronine (T3) and thyroxine (T4). These hormones are responsible for metabolism in the body, energy production and regulation of growth and development of tissues and organs.

    2. regulation of metabolism: thyroid hormones, which depend on iodine, influence the metabolic process throughout the body. They are crucial for the conversion of food into energy, heat production, fat metabolism and protein breakdown.

    3. growth and development: during pregnancy and childhood, iodine plays a critical role in the normal development of the brain and nervous system. Adequate iodine status is important for cognitive development and mental performance.

    4. regulation of hormone balance: Iodine deficiency can lead to thyroid dysfunction, such as overproduction of thyroid hormones (hyperthyroidism) or underproduction (hypothyroidism). The thyroid gland and its hormones also affect other endocrine glands in the body, such as the adrenal glands, sex glands, and pancreas.

    5. immune system support: iodine plays a role in supporting the immune system by regulating the activity of immune cells and influencing the production of immune substances. Adequate iodine status can help strengthen the body's defenses.

    3. What is the daily requirement of iodine?

    The German Nutrition Society (DGE) recommends a daily intake of 180-200 micrograms of iodine for adults. For a young child, the recommended amounts of iodine are naturally lower. The recommended daily intake increases, however, with physical activity, as iodine is excreted through sweat. The recommended daily intake of iodine for pregnant and breastfeeding women is about 230 µg, as they have to provide for their child as well.

    In which foods can you find iodine to meet your daily iodine requirement?

    1. seafood: fish such as cod, cod liver, salmon and tuna are rich in iodine. Seafood such as shrimp and mussels also contain iodine.

    2. seaweed and kelp: nori, kombu, wakame and other types of seaweed are excellent sources of iodine. They are commonly used in Asian cuisine.

    3. iodized table salt: iodized table salt is fortified with iodine and can be a significant source of iodine, especially in regions where the iodine content in the soil is low.

    4. Dairy products: Milk, yogurt and cheese may also contain iodine, as it often enters milk through the use of iodized animal feed.

    5. eggs: eggs are another source of iodine, especially the iodine absorbed by chickens through their diet.

    6. fruits and vegetables: some fruits and vegetables may also contain iodine, but in smaller amounts. These include strawberries, leafy greens, potatoes and spinach.

    4. iodine in the form of dietary supplements.

    Iodine is commercially available in the form of dietary supplements. It comes in the form of iodine capsules and iodine tablets. Both forms are easy to use and enter the circulation quickly. However, iodine tablets are sold in pharmacies, which in many cases contain artificial additives or are manufactured abroad. Iodine capsules often contain only the active ingredient in a vegetable cellulose shell and can therefore be produced without fillers. Iodine capsules or iodine tablets should be taken with sufficient liquid (for example water or juice). It does not matter whether iodine is taken before or after meals. However, if you have a sensitive stomach and cannot take iodine tablets or iodine capsules on an empty stomach, you should eat something beforehand and take the supplements afterwards.

    Organic iodine capsules from Vitamineule

    Our recommendation:
    Vitamineule® Organic Iodine Capsules

    In our online store you can find our iodine capsules from Vitamineule®, which are completely free of artificial additives. Vitamineule® iodine capsules contain 400µg iodine from kelp extract per capsule. Each can contains 90 capsules. In addition to fast & free shipping, we offer a voluntary six-month return guarantee on all products.

    5. conclusion: How can you recognize a lack of iodine?

    Iodine plays a crucial role in the health and well-being of the body. As an essential trace element, it is indispensable for the function of the thyroid gland and the production of thyroid hormones, which regulate a variety of vital processes in the body. Adequate iodine status is therefore of great importance. The thyroid gland and its hormones influence metabolism, energy balance and the growth of tissues and organs. Iodine deficiency can lead to decreased production of thyroid hormones, which can affect the entire organism. Symptoms such as fatigue, weight gain, mood changes and skin problems can indicate iodine deficiency. Especially during pregnancy and in children, iodine plays a critical role in the normal development of the brain and nervous system. Deficiency during these important life stages can have long-term effects on cognitive development. To ensure adequate iodine status, a balanced diet is critical. Seafood such as fish and seaweed, iodized table salt, dairy products and eggs are good sources of iodine. However, it is important to consider individual needs and seek medical advice if necessary, especially during pregnancy or if thyroid disease is present. Overall, iodine is an indispensable trace element that is essential for optimal body function and healthy development. By taking enough iodine, we can ensure that our metabolism, hormone regulation, and physical and mental health are in top shape. Let's make sure iodine has a permanent place in our diet to lead an active and fulfilling life.

    Further reading:

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